Hardiness
Most of the information on this page is from the U.S. NATIONAL ARBORETUM web site.  Their Note:  This publication is not copyrighted, and permission to reproduce all or any part of it is not required.
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Lilywood Farms is located in Zone 5.  If we offer the plant then we have grown it in this hardiness zone. 
 
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HARDINESS  ZONES

A hardiness zone is a geographically-defined zone in which a specific category of plant life is capable of growing, as defined by temperature hardiness, or ability to withstand the minimum temperatures of the zone. The zones were first developed by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), and have subsequently been adopted elsewhere. They are categorized according to the mean of the lowest temperature recorded each winter, termed the "average annual minimum temperature". Thus if five successive winters reach respective minima of −14 °C, −12 °C, −8 °C, −16 °C, and −13 °C, the mean coldest temperature is −12.6 °C, placing the site in zone 

Introduction
This map supersedes U.S. Department of Agriculture Miscellaneous Publication 814, "Plant Hardiness Zone Map," which was revised in 1965.  This 1990 version shows in detail the lowest temperatures that can be expected each year in the United States, Canada, and Mexico.  These temperatures are referred to as "average annual minimum temperatures" and are based on the lowest temperatures recorded for each of the years 1974 to 1986 in the United States and Canada and 1971 to 1984 in Mexico.  The map shows 10 different zones, each of which represents an area of winter hardiness for the plants of agriculture and our natural landscape.  It also introduces zone 11 to represent areas that have average annual minimum temperatures above 40 F (4.4 C) and that are therefore essentially frost free.

How to Use the New Map
Zones 2-10 in the map have been subdivided into light- and dark-colored sections (a and b) that represent 5 F (2.8 C) differences within the 10 F (5.6 C) zone.  The light color of each zone represents the colder section; the dark color, the warmer section.  Zone 11 represents any area where the average annual minimum temperature is above 40 F (4.4 C). The map shows 20 latitude and longitude lines.  Areas above an arbitrary elevation are traditionally considered unsuitable for plant cropping and do not bear appropriate zone designations.  There are also island zones that, because of elevation differences, are warmer or cooler than the surrounding areas and are given a different zone designation.  Note that many large urban areas carry a warmer zone designation than the surrounding countryside.  The map-contains as much detail as possible, considering the vast amount of data on which it is based and its size.

In using the map to select a suitable environment for a landscape plant, today's gardeners should keep in mind the following:

    Stress Factors.  We became aware of additional stresses to plants during the 1970's.  Acid rain, gaseous and particulate pollution, security lighting, and toxic wastes, among many other stress factors, have significantly increased the potential for unsatisfactory performance of landscape plants.  We need to document the tolerances of plants to these factors.

    New Plant Management Systems.   New techniques of planting, transplanting, watering, fertilizing, and providing pest control measures have done much to increase the vigor of landscape plants.  But used unwisely, these same measures can reduce plant hardiness.

    Artificial Environments.    We have pushed the use of plants into totally artificial environments such as expressways, malls, elevated decks, and buildings where plant roots are totally removed from the ground and its warming influence.  The assortment of plants that can adapt to such environments is proving to be very restricted.  Hardiness ratings alone are inadequate to guide landscapers in selecting the most successful plants.

 

Hardiness Zones -- Details

 

Zone Color Key

Zones 2-10 in the map have been subdivided into light- and dark-colored sections (a and b) that represent 5 F (2.8 C) differences within the 10 F (5.6 C) zone.  The light color of each zone represents the colder section; the dark color, the warmer section.  Zone 11 represents any area where the average annual minimum temperature is above 40 F (4.4 C).

The map shows 20 latitude and longitude lines.  Areas above an arbitrary elevation are traditionally considered unsuitable for plant cropping and do not bear appropriate zone designations.  There are also island zones that, because of elevation differences, are warmer or cooler than the surrounding areas and are given a different zone designation. 

Note that many large urban areas carry a warmer zone designation than the surrounding countryside.  The map-contains as much detail as possible, considering the vast amount of data on which it is based and its size.

 

 

 

 

USDA Hardiness Zones and Average Annual Minimum Temperature Range

 

  Zone  
  Fahrenheit  
    Celsius    
  Example Cities  
1
 Below -50 F  
Below -45.6 C
Fairbanks, Alaska;   Resolute, Northwest Territories (Canada) 
2a
-50 to -45 F  
-42.8 to -45.5 C
Prudhoe Bay, Alaska;   Flin Flon, Manitoba (Canada) 
2b
-45 to -40 F
-40.0 to -42.7 C
Unalakleet, Alaska;   Pinecreek, Minnesota 
3a
-40 to -35 F
-37.3 to -39.9 C
International Falls, Minnesota;   St. Michael, Alaska
3b
-35 to -30 F
-34.5 to -37.2 C
Tomahawk, Wisconsin;   Sidney, Montana
4a
-30 to -25 F
-31.7 to -34.4 C
Minneapolis/St.Paul, Minnesota;   Lewistown, Montana
4b
-25 to -20 F
-28.9 to -31.6 C
Northwood, Iowa; Nebraska
5a
-20 to -15 F
-26.2 to -28.8 C
Des Moines, Iowa;   Illinois
5b
-15 to -10 F
-23.4 to -26.1 C
Columbia, Missouri;   Mansfield, Pennsylvania
6a
-10 to -5 F
-20.6 to -23.3 C
St. Louis, Missouri; Lebanon, Pennsylvania
6b
-5 to 0 F  
-17.8 to -20.5 C
McMinnville, Tennessee;   Branson, Missouri 
7a
0 to 5 F
-15.0 to -17.7 C
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma;   South Boston, Virginia
7b
5 to 10 F
-12.3 to -14.9 C
Little Rock, Arkansas;   Griffin, Georgia
8a 
10 to 15 F
-9.5 to -12.2 C
Tifton, Georgia;   Dallas, Texas 
8b
15 to 20 F
-6.7 to -9.4 C
Austin, Texas;   Gainesville, Florida
9a
20 to 25 F
-3.9 to -6.6 C
Houston, Texas;   St. Augustine, Florida
9b
25 to 30 F
-1.2 to -3.8 C
Brownsville, Texas;   Fort Pierce, Florida
10a
30 to 35 F
1.6 to -1.1 C
Naples, Florida;   Victorville, California
10b
35 to 40 F
4.4 to 1.7 C
Miami, Florida;   Coral Gables, Florida
11
above 40 F
above 4.5 C
Honolulu, Hawaii;   Mazatlan, Mexico

 

Most of the information on this page is from the U.S. NATIONAL ARBORETM web site. 

Their Note:  This publication is not copyrighted, and permission to reproduce all or any part of it is not required.

                                             

To contact us: Phone:  660-273-2531 or 573-698-2212 or Contact us

  LILYWOOD FARMS - 100 COUNTY ROAD 263 - ARMSTRONG, MISSOURI 65230

  

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